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Rhode Island Chapter 7 & 13 Bankruptcy Lawyer

Rhode Island Attorney Helping Debtors Get a Fresh Start

If you are mired in debt and receiving constant calls from creditors, you are likely under a great deal of pressure and searching for solutions. Bankruptcy is a tool that may allow you to find relief from financial stress. When it is used appropriately, it can be a strategic maneuver that allows you to regain control of your life. In addition to getting rid of your debt, it can potentially help you stop a foreclosure of your home and save other assets. Rhode Island bankruptcy lawyer Stephen P. Levesque is dedicated to assisting people with finding the light at the end of their financial tunnel. There is life after bankruptcy. Most clients tell Stephen that their credit scores rise over 700 in one year. We help clients during what may be the most stressful period of their lives.

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

Chapter 7 bankruptcy gives you a chance to shed debt and get a fresh start. It provides protection against certain debts, such as credit card debts, medical bills, repossessions, personal loans, and other consumer debts. In exchange for getting these types of debts forgiven, you will likely need to liquidate assets. Certain debts may not be discharged, such as child support payments, alimony payments, and some tax debts. When you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, an automatic stay of debt collection efforts goes into effect. This means that your creditors must stop harassing phone calls, and other collection methods must also cease until the stay is lifted.

In this type of bankruptcy, also known as liquidation bankruptcy, the bankruptcy trustee sells your non-exempt property and distributes it. Each state has its own exemptions for property, and there are also federal exemptions that allow you to keep certain property. Exemptions can cover a certain amount of property, and there are also wild card exemptions that can apply to any property. The wild card exemption can be divided to protect several items or stacked on one asset. In Rhode Island, there is a $6,500 wild card exemption. A bankruptcy attorney can advise Rhode Island residents on how to best apply their exemptions.

In order to qualify for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you need to pass a means test. The means test looks at your income, expenses, and family size to figure out whether you have sufficient disposable income to repay your debts. It is meant to limit the number of people who file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. People who earn more than the median income in Rhode Island will not be able to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 13 bankruptcy also offers tools to help debtors retain certain assets, such as their home or vehicle. Using these tools, you may be able to protect your home against a foreclosure, retain any valuables and other assets, catch up on missed mortgage or vehicle payments, and strip junior liens from your home or other property.

If you do not pass the means test, you may be able to file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, which is known as reorganization bankruptcy. It is set up for people who earn income but have accumulated more debt than they can pay off. With this type of bankruptcy, an automatic stay of debt collection efforts goes into effect. You will have a fixed monthly debt payment plan based on your income, and you will repay part of your debts through this installment plan for 3-5 years. If you successfully complete the plan, the remainder of your debt is discharged. Our Rhode Island bankruptcy attorney can help you devise a plan that is appropriate for your situation.

Retain a Seasoned Bankruptcy Attorney

A debtor should file for bankruptcy only after carefully considering their options. Stephen P. Levesque can explain the differences between bankruptcy chapters and describe the various paths available to you, considering your finances, your credit score, and other factors. Many of our clients have seen improvement to their credit scores and have bought new vehicles and rented new homes after emerging from this process. Based in Cranston, we represent people throughout the Washington County, Kent County, and Providence County areas. Stephen P. Levesque is the Host of the weekly talk show Legal Tips every Sunday on 630 WPRO. Call the Law Offices of Stephen P. Levesque at (401) 490-4900 or contact us through our website to set up an appointment with a bankruptcy lawyer in Rhode Island.


Below are Commonly Asked Questions
1. What is Bankruptcy?

Bankruptcy is a non taxable event and does not go in the newspaper, It is a legal proceeding in which an individual who cannot pay his or her bills can get a fresh financial start. The right to file for bankruptcy is provided by federal law, and all bankruptcy cases are handled in federal court. Filing bankruptcy immediately stops all of your creditors from seeking to collect debts from you, at least until your debts are sorted out according to the law.

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2. What Can Bankruptcy Do for Me?

Bankruptcy may make it possible for you to:

  • Eliminate the legal obligation to pay most or all of your debts. This is called a “discharge” of debts. It is designed to give you a fresh financial start.
  • Stop foreclosure on your house or mobile home and allow you an opportunity to catch up on missed payments. (Bankruptcy does not, however, automatically eliminate mortgages and other liens on your property without payment.)
  • Prevent repossession of a car or other property, or force the creditor to return property even after it has been repossessed.
  • Stop wage garnishment, debt collection harassment, and similar creditor actions to collect a debt.
  • Restore or prevent termination of utility service.
  • Allow you to challenge the claims of creditors who have committed fraud or who are otherwise trying to collect more than you really owe.

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3. How can I get a copy of a bankruptcy filing?

The federal judiciary proves public access to federal appellate, district and bankruptcy court documents through Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER), an electronic public access service.

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4. What Doesn’t Bankruptcy Do?

Bankruptcy cannot, however, cure every financial problem. Nor is it the right step for every individual. In bankruptcy, it is usually not possible to:

  • Eliminate certain rights of “secured” creditors. A “secured” creditor has taken a mortgage or other lien on property as collateral for the loan. Common examples are car loans and home mortgages. You can force secured creditors to take payments over time in the bankruptcy process and bankruptcy can eliminate your obligation to pay any additional money if your property is taken. Nevertheless, you generally cannot keep the collateral unless you continue to pay the debt
  • Discharge types of debts singled out by the bankruptcy law for special treatment, such as child support, alimony, certain other debts related to divorce, some student loans, court restitution orders, criminal fines, and some taxes.
  • Protect cosigners on your debts. When a relative or friend has co-signed a loan, and the consumer discharges the loan in bankruptcy, the cosigner may still have to repay all or part of the loan.

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5. How often can I file bankruptcy?

You cannot receive a discharge in a Chapter 7 case if you received a discharge under a Chapter 7 case filed in the last eight years or a Chapter 13 filed in the last six years. You cannot receive a discharge in a Chapter 13 case if you received a discharge under a Chapter 7 case filed in the last four years or a Chapter 13 filed in the last two years. If didn’t received a discharge in the previous bankruptcy filing, depending on why this is the case, you can file and receive a discharge without any time restrictions.

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6. What Different Types of Bankruptcy Should I Consider?

Most people filing bankruptcy will want to file under either chapter 7 or chapter 13. Either type of case may be filed individually or by a married couple filing jointly.

  • There are four types of bankruptcy cases provided under the law:
  • Chapter 7 is known as “straight” bankruptcy or “liquidation.” It requires a debtor to give up property which exceeds certain limits called “exemptions”, so the property can be sold to pay creditors.
  • Chapter 11, known as “reorganization”, is used by businesses and a few individual debtors whose debts are very large
  • Chapter 12 is reserved for family farmers.
  • Chapter 13 is called “debt adjustment”. It requires a debtor to file a plan to pay debts (or parts of debts) from current income.

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7. Is Rhode Island Chapter 7 (Straight Bankruptcy) Bankruptcy Right for Me?

In a bankruptcy case under chapter 7, you file a petition asking the court to discharge your debts. The basic idea in a chapter 7 bankruptcy is to wipe out (discharge) your debts in exchange for your giving up property, except for “exempt” property which the law allows you to keep. In most cases, all of your property will be exempt. But property which is not exempt is sold, with the money distributed to creditors. If you want to keep property like a home or a car and are behind on the payments on a mortgage or car loan, a chapter 7 case probably will not be the right choice for you. That is because chapter 7 bankruptcy does not eliminate the right of mortgage holders or car loan creditors to take your property to cover your debt.

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8. Is Rhode Island Chapter 13 bankruptcy (Reorganization) Right for Me?

In a chapter 13 case you file a “plan” showing how you will pay off some of your past-due and current debts over three to five years. The most important thing about a chapter 13 case is that it will allow you to keep valuable property–especially your home and car–which might otherwise be lost, if you can make the payments which the bankruptcy law requires to be made to your creditors. In most cases, these payments will be at least as much as your regular monthly payments on your mortgage or car loan, with some extra payment to get caught up on the amount you have fallen behind. You should consider filing a chapter 13 plan if you: (1) own your home and are in danger of losing it because of money problems; (2) are behind on debt payments, but can catch up if given some time; (3) have valuable property which is not exempt, but you can afford to pay creditors from your income over time. You will need to have enough income in chapter 13 to pay for your necessities and to keep up with the required payments as they come due.

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9. What Does It Cost to File for Bankruptcy?

It now costs $335 to file for bankruptcy under chapter 7 and $310 to file for bankruptcy under chapter 13, whether for one person or a married couple. The court may allow you to pay this filing fee in installments if you cannot pay all at once. If you hire an attorney you will also have to pay the attorney’s fees you agree to.

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10. In Rhode Island What Property Can I Keep?

In a chapter 7 case, you can keep all property which the law says is “exempt” from the claims of creditors. Generally the law provides that most if not all of your property is exempt and protected in Rhode Island. In determining whether property is exempt, you must keep a few things in mind. The value of property is not the amount you paid for it, but what it is worth now. Especially for furniture and cars, this may be a lot less than what you paid or what it would cost to buy a replacement. You also only need to look at your actual equity in any property. This means that you count your exemptions against the full value minus any money that you owe on mortgages or liens. For example, if you own a $50,000 house with a $40,000 mortgage, you count your exemptions against the $10,000 which is your equity if you sell it. While your exemptions allow you to keep property even in a chapter 7 case, your exemptions do not make any difference to the right of a mortgage holder or car loan creditor to take the property to cover the debt if you are behind on payments. In a chapter 13 case, you can keep all of your property if your plan meets the requirements of the bankruptcy law. In most cases you will have to pay the mortgages or liens as you would if you didn’t file bankruptcy.

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11. What Will Happen to My Home and Car If I File Bankruptcy in Rhode Island?

In most cases you will not lose your home or car during your bankruptcy case as long as your equity in the property is fully exempt. Even if your property is not fully exempt, you will be able to keep it, if you pay its non-exempt value to creditors in chapter 13. However, some of your creditors may have a “security interest” in your home, automobile or other personal property. This means that you gave that creditor a mortgage on the home or put your other property up as collateral for the debt. Bankruptcy does not make these security interests go away. If you don’t make your payments on that debt, the creditor may be able to take and sell the home or the property, during or after the bankruptcy case. There are several ways that you can keep collateral or mortgaged property after you file bankruptcy. You can agree to keep making your payments on the debt until it is paid in full. Or you can pay the creditor the amount that the property you want to keep is worth. In some cases involving fraud or other improper conduct by the creditor, you may be able to challenge the debt. If you put up your household goods as collateral for a loan (other than a loan to purchase the goods), you can usually keep your property without making any more payments on that debt.

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12. Can I Own Anything After Bankruptcy?

Yes. Many people believe they cannot own anything for a period of time after filing for bankruptcy. This is not true. You can keep your exempt property and anything you obtain after the bankruptcy is filed. However, if you receive an inheritance, a property settlement, or life insurance benefits within 180 days after your bankruptcy, that money or property may have to be paid to your creditors if the property or money is not exempt. You can also keep any property covered by Rhode Island bankruptcy exemptions through the bankruptcy.

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13. Will Bankruptcy Wipe Out All My Debts?

Yes, including; medical bills, back taxes, credit card debts, debts owed to the RIDMV, car repossessions, foreclosed mortgages, utility bills, and, other loans. There are some exceptions, for example Bankruptcy will not normally wipe out: (1) money owed for child support or alimony, fines, and some taxes;(2) debts not listed on your bankruptcy petition;(3) loans you got by knowingly giving false information to a creditor, who reasonably relied on it in making you the loan;(4) debts resulting from “willful and malicious” harm;(5) student loans owed to a school or government body, except if: the court decides that payment would be an undue hardship;(6) mortgages and other liens which are not paid in the bankruptcy case (but bankruptcy will wipe out your obligation to pay any additional money if the property is sold by the creditor).

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14. Will I Have to Go to Court?

In most bankruptcy cases, you only have to go to a proceeding called the “meeting of creditors” to meet with the bankruptcy trustee and any creditor who chooses to come. Most of the time, this meeting will be a short and simple procedure where you are asked a few questions about your bankruptcy forms and your financial situation. Occasionally, if complications arise, or if you choose to dispute a debt, you may have to appear before a judge at a hearing. If you need to go to court, you will receive notice of the court date and time from the court and/or from your attorney.

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15. Will Bankruptcy Affect My Credit?

There is no clear answer to this question. Unfortunately, if you are behind on your bills, your credit may already be bad. Bankruptcy will probably not make things any worse. The fact that you’ve filed a bankruptcy can appear on your credit record for ten years. But since bankruptcy wipes out your old debts, you are likely to be in a better position to pay your current bills, and you may be able to get new credit.

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16. Can I Get a Credit Card After Bankruptcy?

Yes, there are several options available. While technically not a credit card you could use a bank or debit card to perform activities for which you normally would use a credit card. You also may be able to keep the credit card you already have if the creditor grants approval. If these options do not work you can get secured credit card which is backed by your own bank account.

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17. Are Utility Services Affected?

Public utilities, such as the electric company, cannot refuse or cut off service because you have filed for bankruptcy. However, the utility can require a deposit for future service and you do have to pay bills which arise after your bankruptcy is filed. Most of the time the account is reset to zero, however, this does not apply to water or sewer charges which must be paid whether or not you file bankruptcy.

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17. Are Utility Services Affected?

Public utilities, such as the electric company, cannot refuse or cut off service because you have filed for bankruptcy. However, the utility can require a deposit for future service and you do have to pay bills which arise after your bankruptcy is filed. Most of the time the account is reset to zero, however, this does not apply to water or sewer charges which must be paid whether or not you file bankruptcy.

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18. Can I Be Discriminated Against For Filing Bankruptcy?

No. 11 U.S.C. sec. 525 prohibits governmental units and private employers from discriminating against you because you filed a bankruptcy petition or because you failed to pay a dischargeable debt.

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19. Can Bankruptcy Help Get My Rhode Island Driver’s License Back?

If you lost your license solely because you couldn’t pay court-ordered damages caused in an accident, bankruptcy will allow you to get your license back.

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20. What About Co-signers?

If someone has co-signed a loan with you and you file for bankruptcy, the co-signer may have to pay your debt.

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21. I’m Married, Can I File by Myself?

Yes, but your spouse will still be liable for any joint debts. If you file together you will be able to double your exemptions. In some cases where only one spouse has debts, or one spouse has debts that are not dischargeable then it might be advisable to have only one spouse file. If the spouses have joint debts, the fact that one spouse discharged the debt may show on the other spouses credit report.

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22. Can filing bankruptcy stop bill collectors from calling?

Yes. The automatic stay prevents bill collectors from taking any action (telephone calls, letters and lawsuits) to collect debts.

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23. How long after filing will the creditors stop calling?

Once a creditor or bill collector becomes aware of a filing for bankruptcy protection, it must immediately stop all collection efforts. After you file the bankruptcy petition, the court mails a notice to all the creditors listed in your bankruptcy schedules. This usually takes a couple of weeks. Creditors will also stop calling if you inform them that you filed the bankruptcy petition, and supply them with your case number. In some cases, you or your attorney should contact the creditor immediately upon filing the bankruptcy petition, especially if a lawsuit is pending. If a creditor continues to use collection tactics once informed of the bankruptcy they may be liable for court sanctions and attorney fees for this conduct.

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24. Can I erase my student loans by filing bankruptcy?

Generally, student loans are not discharged in bankruptcy. In 11 U.S.C. sec. 523(a)(8) there are two exceptions to this general rule:

  1. 1 The student loan may be discharged if it is neither Insured or guaranteed by a governmental unit, nor
  2. 2 Made under any program funded in whole or in part by a governmental unit or nonprofit institution.
  3. 3 The student loan may be discharged if paying the loan will “impose an undue hardship on the debtor and the debtor’s dependents.”

Student loans more than 7 years old used to be dischargeable under certain circumstances, but this provision was removed by an appropriations bill passed in October of 1998. Whether an exception applies depends on the facts of the particular case and may also depend on local court decisions. Even if a student loan falls into one of the two exceptions, discharge of the loan may not be automatic. You may have to file an adversary proceeding in the bankruptcy court to obtain a court order declaring the debt discharged.

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25. Where do I file if I haven’t lived in the same state for the last two years?

If you haven’t lived in your current state for 91 days you must wait until you have lived there for 91 days and then file in your current state. If you lived in your current state for more than 91 days but less than two years, you will file in your current state but use the exemptions from where you lived for majority of the 180 day period immediately previous to the 2 year period before you filed. If you bought your home within the last 40 months and/or haven’t lived in your current state for the last 2 years then your homestead exemption may be limited.

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26. If I am going through a divorce how will filing bankruptcy affect our settlement?

Alimony, maintenance, and/or support are protected from discharge. Divorce decrees and separation agreements are covered by 11 U.S.C. Section 523(a)(15). This section states that these debts are not dischargeable unless:

  1. the debtor does not have the ability to pay such debt from income or property of the debtor not reasonably necessary to be expended for the maintenance or support of the debtor or a dependent of the debtor and, if the debtor is engaged in a business, for the payment of expenditures necessary for the continuation, preservation, and operation of such business; or
  2. discharging such debt would result in a benefit to the debtor that outweighs the detrimental consequences to a spouse, former spouse, or child of the debtor.

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Client Reviews
★★★★★
"Attorney Levesque answered my phone call immediately and was especially informative with regard to my problem. I am still in the initial stages of formulating a plan and I won't hesitate to have Stephen handle my situation." Eliza W.
★★★★★
"Words cannot express our gratitude for the way in which you capably and competently represented us in court last Tuesday. You are an outstanding attorney with a unique sensitivity to your client’s personal and legal affairs. We are proud to say that Stephen P. Levesque is our lawyer! Once again, thank you." William R.
★★★★★
"Thank you so much for helping me through this time. It’s refreshing to have such professional, courteous & respectful people surrounding me in business. You are the model that many should aspire to be. You are the best! Thank you again!" Roy R.
★★★★★
"Thank you so much for your help. I very much appreciate the professionalism, quick response to my calls and thoroughness of you and your staff. Thank you!" Jen R
★★★★★
"We just wanted to take a moment to say thank you for helping us get our lives back in order financially. There were many sleepless nights. We thank the Lord for people like you that are out there to help people like us." Andrea L.